National Institutes of Technology popularly known as NITs are a group
of 31 (as on 21st May, 2018) Autonomous public institutions of Engineering
and Technology established as Institutes of National Importance in 2002 when the
Ministry of Human Resource Development decided to upgrade all the existing Regional
Engineering Colleges to "National Institutes of Technology" (NITs) instead of creating
new Indian Institute of Technology’s.
Thus after enactment of a parliamentary legislation in the year 2002,
these Engineering Colleges were brought under the direct control and purview
of India's Central Government. In 2004, MHRD issued NIT status to three more colleges,
located at Patna i.e Bihar Engineering College, Raipur’s Government Engineering
College, and Agartala’s Tripura Engineering College. Subsequently in the year 2007
keeping in view their importance the Indian government declared these Engineering
Colleges as Institutes of National Importance at par with much acclaimed Indian
Institutes of Technology IIT’s.
These highly rated institutes are governed by the National
Institutes of Technology Act 2007 which has declared them as institutions of national
importance and lays down their powers. As far as the organizational structure of
the NIT’s is concerned. The Prime Minister of India is the ex officio visitor of
all the NITs. The NIT Council works directly under him and it includes the minister-in-charge
of technical education in Central Government, the Chairmen and the Directors of
all the NITs, the Chairman of University Grants Commission (UGC), the Director General
of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), the Directors of other
selected central institutions of repute, members of Parliament, Joint Council Secretary
of Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), nominees of the Central Government,
All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), and the Visitor.
Although National Institute of Technology ’s in India was
viewed at par with the Indian Institute of Technology -and they are comparing their
Study- but National Institute of Technology was founded with the motive of promoting
regional diversity and multi-cultural understanding in India.
To achieve this aim near about half of the candidates in
each batch of the Institutes are taken up from the parent state of the NIT and the
remaining half seats are filled with the open category students from the rest of
Providing admission to half the seat of NITs from their native
state is the only major difference between the two most sort after Institutes of
Engineering i.e NITs and IITs.
However, both the institutes admit candidates on the basis of same
exam entrance exam i.e Joint Entrance Exam. The list of NIT’s in chronological
order is as follows:
|1||MNNIT Allahabad||1961||2001||Uttar Pradesh|
|2||MANIT Bhopal||1960||2002||Madhya Pradesh|
|4||NIT Hamirpur||1986||2002||Himachal Pradesh|
|14||NIT Durgapur||1960||2003||West Bengal|
|15||NIT Srinagar||1960||2003||Jammu and Kashmir|
|21||NIT Arunachal Pradesh||2010||2010||Yupia/Arunachal Pradesh|
| 22 ||NIT Delhi ||2010|| 2010 ||New Delhi/Delhi|
|23|| NIT Goa|| 2010 ||2010|| Farmagudi/Goa|
|24|| NIT Manipur|| 2010|| 2010|| Aizwal/Manipur|
|25|| NIT Meghalaya|| 2010|| 2010||Shillong/Meghlaya|
|26|| NIT Mizoram ||2010|| 2010|| Aizwal/Mizoram|
|27|| NIT Nagaland|| 2010|| 2010 ||Dimapur/Nagaland|
|28|| NIT Puducherry|| 2010|| 2010|| Karaikal/Puducherry|
|29|| NIT Sikkim ||2010|| 2010|| Ravangla/Sikkim|
|30|| NIT Uttarakhand|| 2010 ||2010|| Srinagar/Uttarakhand|
|31 ||NIT Andhra Pradesh ||2015|| 2015 ||Tadepalligudem/Andhra Pradesh|
All NITs are autonomous which enables them to set up their own curriculum.
The language of instruction is English at all these institutes. NITs offer
degree courses at bachelors, masters, and doctorate levels in various branches of
engineering, architecture, management and science.
Admission to the undergraduate courses such as Bachelor of Technology
(B.Tech.) and Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch) programs in NITs are
through the highly competitive Joint Entrance Examination (Main).
Admission to postgraduate courses is through the Graduate Aptitude
Test in Engineering for Master of Technology (M.Tech.) and Master of Science
(M.Sc.) programs, Common Admission Test for Master of Business Administration (MBA)
program and NIMCET for Master of Computer Applications (MCA) program.
Since 2015, the Joint Seat Allocation Authority and Centralized
Counselling for M.Tech/M.Arch and M.Plan conduct the admission process for undergraduate
and postgraduate programs respectively in all NITs.
As of 2017, the total number of seats for undergraduate programs
is approx. 20,000 and for postgraduate programs is 8,000 in all 31 NITs.